1 Which law applies?

1.1. Which law is applicable to a couple´s property? Which criteria/rules are used to determine the applicable law? Which international conventions have to be respected with regard to certain countries?

The matrimonial property regime is governed by Latvian law if the spouses’ place of habitual residence is in Latvia. If the property of the spouses is located in Latvia, then in respect of this property they are also subject to Latvian law even if they do not have a place of residence in Latvia Art. 13 Latvian Civil Code (CC)).

1.2. Do the spouses have the option of choosing the applicable law? If so, by which principles is this choice governed (e.g. the laws to be chosen, formal requirements, retro-activity)?

Latvian law does not provide for a choice of law.